One of the most controversial disputes affecting the discourse related to violence against women is the dispute about the frequency of false allegations of sexual assault. Rape is unique. No other violent crime is so fraught with controversy, so enmeshed in dispute and in the politics of gender and sexuality. For centuries, it has been asserted and assumed that women “cry rape,” that a large proportion of rape allegations are maliciously concocted for purposes of revenge or other motives.
Reasons for false rape allegations-
The false allegation was therefore used to gain something. According to Sandra Newman, every academic study on the issue finds that the most common type of fake accuser is actually a teenage girl trying to get out of trouble.
Often it’s her parents who report the “rape” attempt. The studies suggest the false accusation can often stem from something as absurd as finding an excuse for missing curfew.
There can be many motives of fake rape allegations but mainly observed motives are these motives for ﬁling a false allegation: – alibi(excuse/justification) revenge, attention/sympathy seeking, false marriage promises, internal conflict between couples, etc.
Consequences of fake rape allegations-
The crime of rape has significant civil and social consequences, as well. These consequences, which are often referred to as collateral consequences, are not necessarily related to your specific crime. For example, as a convicted felon you will find that you:
Cannot work in certain fields, including education, healthcare, and government;
Cannot participate in social welfare programs;
Lose your character, it doesn’t implicate if you are convicted or released.
Lose your professional licenses, resulting in strict limitations on your income.
What experts say on false rape allegations-
Vivek Deveshwar, a software engineer in Bangalore who runs a men’s rights group, has come across far too many shattered men. “Their trust in human relationships is destroyed. They withdraw into a shell, not knowing who they can trust and they are very frightened of embarking on another relationship,” he says.
Schafran says – It is true rape is a most detestable crime, and therefore ought severely and impartially to be punished with death, but it must be remembered, that it is an accusation easily to be made and hard to be proved, and harder to be defended by the party accused, though never so innocent.
In an effort to add clarity to the discourse, published research on false allegations is critiqued, and the results of a new study described. All cases (N = 136) of sexual assault reported to a major Northeastern university over a 10-year period are analyzed to determine the percentage of false allegations. Of the 136 cases of sexual assault reported over the 10-year period, 8 (5.9%) are coded as false allegations.
These results, taken in the context of an examination of previous research, indicate that the prevalence of false allegations is between 2% and 10%. Clark and Lewis (1977) obtained access to data pertaining to all 116 rapes investigated by the Metropolitan Toronto police department in 1970. Only 42 cases (36.2%) were classified by the police as “founded”; the remaining 74 cases were classified as “unfounded, British home study founded- Of the 302 cases, 24% were “no-crime” by the police for various reasons, but only 34% of those “no-crime” cases were classified as false allegations.
Thus, 8.3% of the sample of 302 cases were false allegations.
These are some data of popular studies-
• 2.1% (Heenan & Murray, 2006)
• 2.5% (Kelly et al., 2005)
• 3.0% (McCahill et al., 1979)
• 5.9% (the present study)
• 6.8% (Lonsway & Archambault, 2008)
• 8.3% (Grace et al., 1992)
• 10.3% (Clark & Lewis, 1977)
• 10.9% (Harris & Grace, 1999)
How to bring down the rate of false rape allegations according to my view-
Firstly the description of rape should be changed. If you both have a physical relationship on the basis of mutual understanding it can’t be termed as rape. As both men and women should have their decision to consent. Secondly, if the allegations are found to be wrong, there should be a strict trail for the allegators.
Thirdly Government should take responsibility for educating the difference between rapes and false rape allegations and their consequences.
The importance given to the issue of false allegations diverts attention away from questions that are ultimately more instructive for preventing sexual violence. And in fact, asking why reports of sexual harassment and violence are treated with suspicion may bring us closer to understanding what we can do to lift the barriers to reporting and seeking successful redress. It will also ultimately bring us closer to understanding the conditions in which sexual harassment and violence are enabled. So, until and unless false rape allegations are not controlled there will always be a fight between foul play by the male side or women’s side. Everything has a good side and bad side but here rape and false rape allegations both have worst sides to deal with by male or female.