An acid attack also called acid throwing, vitriol attack, or vitriol, is a form of violent assault involving the act of throwing acid or a similarly corrosive substance onto the body of another “with the intention to disfigure, maim, torture, or kill”.
Reasons for Acid Attack-
If a person hates somebody because of a fight or quarrel or betrayal, is jealous of another Because of his earnings, Beauty, Colour, Intelligence, Personality.
If a person wants revenge against another person out of health, shame, hurt, argument, rejection of the proposal, woman denying to accept desires of men or opposite, dislike men, spouse’s extramarital affairs.
To torture a housewife when she doesn’t listen to her husband’s wishes then the husband may take this step out of anger or vice versa.
If a girl is proposed by a boy, but the girl doesn’t like him or refuses to accept his proposal, out of rage, ego hurt, anger, he may threaten her by distorting her face in The Name Of Love (which he did to her body only, not her soul).
Consequences of Acid Attack on victims-
- The far-reaching effects on their lives impact their psychological, social and economic viability in communities.
- The severity of the damage depends on the concentration of the acid and the time before the acid is thoroughly washed off with water or neutralized with a neutralizing agent.
- The acid can rapidly eat away the skin, the layer of fat beneath the skin, and in some cases even the underlying bone.
- Eyelids and lips may be completely destroyed and the nose and ears severely damaged.
- The skull is partly destroyed/deformed and hair loss.
- Ear cartilage is usually partly or totally destroyed; deafness may occur.
- The mouth becomes shrunken and narrow Sometimes, the lips may be partly or totally destroyed, exposing the teeth. Eating and speaking can become difficult.
- Scars can run down from the chin to the neck area, shrinking the chin and extremely limiting the range of motion in the neck.
- Additionally, female victims reported lowered self-esteem according to the Rosenberg scale and increased self-consciousness, both in general and in the social sphere.
- Difficult to find a spouse.
- Secluded from society.
- Difficult to find a job.
IPC Section 326 A
Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by the use of acid, etc. Whoever causes permanent or partial damage or deformity to, or bums or maims or disfigures or disables, any part or parts of the body of a person or causes grievous hurt by throwing acid on or by administering acid to that person, or by using any other means with the intention of causing or with the knowledge that he is likely to cause such injury or hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than ten years but which may extend to imprisonment for life, and with fine.
IPC Section 326 B
Voluntarily throwing or attempting to throw acid, etc.
-Whoever throws or attempts to throw acid on any person or attempts to administer acid to any person, or attempts to use any other means, with the intention of causing permanent or partial damage or deformity or bums or maiming or disfigurement or disability or grievous hurt to that person, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less then five years but which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
 For the purposes of section 326A and this section, “acid” includes any substance which has an acidic or corrosive character or burning nature, that is capable of causing bodily injury leading to scars or disfigurement or temporary or permanent disability.
 For the purposes of section 326A and this section, permanent or partial damage or deformity shall not be required to be irreversible
How to bring down the rate of an acid attack –
Between 2014 and 2018, there have been 1,483 victims of acid attacks in the country. This is according to data released by National Crime Records Bureau.
The year 2017 witnessed them the highest number of acid attacks in these five years. A total of 596 acid attack cases were reported in 2017 and 2018, with 623 victims falling prey, but data shows that only 149 people were charge-sheeted in each year. This is almost or less than half the number of incidents each year.
- The government needs to frame strict laws against acid attackers. Proper investigation as soon as possible.
- The government should implement proper laws regarding the selling of acids.
- Training in schools & colleges on how to help acid attack victims.
- Teach students to respect everyone. Telling them it’s a heinous crime & what impact it leaves on someone’s life.
- There should be Free treatment to acid attack victims.
- Teach moral values to students along with Traditional education.
- People need to be taught to respect someones “NO” right start from homes.
- The government should conduct regular programs regarding awareness.
Story of an acid attack survivor-
It was 2006. Barely 12 days after her wedding, 23-year-old Pragya Singh was traveling alone on a train from her hometown, Varanasi, to Delhi, to pursue a career in apparel management. At 2 AM, while she was sound asleep, a man, whose marriage proposal she had turned down, threw acid on her face. The incident claimed the sight in one of her eyes and the young woman had to undergo almost fifteen surgeries.
Daulat Bi Khan
A resident of Mumbai, Daulat faced the brutal acid assault at the age of 26, by the hands of her elder sister and brother-in-law. She underwent multiple reconstruction surgeries and faced societal ostracisation for her changed appearance. But, giving up on life was never an option for the iron-willed lady.